Sunday Dec 3, 2023
Sunday Dec 3, 2023

How to avert the liquidity crunch?

2021 Dec 22, 19:45, Kathmandu
Nepal Rastra Bank in Kathmandu. Photo courtesy: Wikimedia commons

Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB), the central bank of Nepal, has taken measures to avert the current liquidity crunch and reduce the trade deficit. At a discussion organized today by NRB, Governor Maha Prasad Adhikari clarified that the bank was putting import replacement and export promotion at the center in order to fix the current problem.

He shared that a liquidity flow of Rs 2,500 billion was made through a permanent liquidity facility, Rs 69 billion through Overnight Repo, Rs 220 billion through Repo, and Rs 27 billion through direct purchase as of December 20. “An arrangement has been made to keep loan deposit ratio at 90 per cent till mid-July 2022 while re-financing facility of Rs 92 billion has been approved on December 22 of the current fiscal year," he informed.

The government has made arrangements that the banks can count 80 per cent of the local level’s deposit as deposit and the demand of unnecessary loans would go down with the rise in deposit following an increment in the interest rates, he noted.

In order to tame the trade deficit,  central bank has placed different measures, including determining ceiling of foreign currency availability for silver import, increment of one per cent interest rate in the deposit of bank accounts of the people in foreign employment and arranging cent per cent margin in the import of certain goods and commodities.

He further informed that an arrangement has been made for the Non-Resident Nepali and their associations to open savings and deposit accounts in foreign currency. Among other measures such as cut-off in the facility of foreign currency cash exchange, control in the unlawful import of gold, and reduction in the ceiling of ‘non-deliverable derivate forward’ that can be kept in foreign countries.

The country is heading to economic recovery in the current situation with full liberation from the COVID-19 pandemic, he said, adding the situation of trade deficit was resulted in from the rise of import and reduction of remittance inflow. 

“The liquidity crunch has resulted due to a fall in the growth rate of deposits. Liquidity problems are recurring in the Nepalese economy in the context when export is weak and dependency on import is high”, the governor shared. 


Nepal Rastra Bank central bank of Nepal Maha Prasad Adhikari Non Resident Nepali Liquidity Crunch
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