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Innovative therapy for treating anorexia nervosa


Nepalnews
ANI
2023 Aug 30, 9:29, Oklahoma [US]
Source: ANI

A ground-breaking study led by experts at the Laureate Institute for Brain Research (LIBR) in Tulsa, Oklahoma, has made substantial progress in treating anorexia nervosa (AN), an eating illness characterised by low body weight, body image problems, and anxiety.

The study, “The impact of floatation therapy on body image and anxiety in anorexia nervosa: a randomized clinical efficacy trial,” appears in the peer-reviewed scientific journal eClinicalMedicine, a part of The Lancet Discovery Science initiative.

The researchers discovered various immediate and long-term effects of Floatation-REST (Reduced Environmental Stimulation Therapy) in anorexia nervosa inpatients. Floatation-REST, also known as "float therapy," is a non-pharmacological treatment that involves floating effortlessly in a shallow pool of warm water saturated with Epsom salt, in a lightproof, soundproof, humidity- and temperature-controlled environment, and it is increasingly used as a stress reduction tool by the general public. In the study, anorexia nervosa inpatients who were randomly assigned to receive floatation-REST reported immediate and repeated reductions in body image dissatisfaction and improved anxiety compared to a control group of anorexia nervosa inpatients whose symptoms remained unchanged. Furthermore, the body image improvements in the floatation-REST group persisted following treatment and lasted for up to six months.

 “This breakthrough offers a new therapeutic direction in treating anorexia nervosa, a psychiatric disorder known for its challenging prognosis and high mortality rate,” said psychiatrist Sahib Khalsa, MD, PhD, Director of Clinical Operations at LIBR, and senior author of the study. “Anxiety is a common co-occurrence in anorexia nervosa that does not respond well to standard anxiolytic medications such as benzodiazepines,” he added. “The large anxiety reductions induced by float therapy in these patients suggest that this tool presents a potent opportunity to treat anxiety via non-pharmacological means in anorexia nervosa. Additional research is needed to examine the anxiolytic effects of float therapy in other eating disorders.”

“These findings also make way for new forms of treatment for eating disorders which, in conjunction with traditional treatments, may help to alleviate diagnostic features of AN that are more difficult to treat, such as body image,” commented co-first author Emily Choquette, PhD, a clinical psychologist and postdoctoral scholar at LIBR. “The reliable and sustained effect of floatation-REST on body image dissatisfaction suggests that it may be studied as a tool to augment the effectiveness of traditional psychotherapies.”

Because anorexia nervosa is a severe and persistent psychiatric disorder, the search for effective treatments is ongoing. “This study underscores the importance of continually seeking innovative approaches and broadening the horizons of existing therapeutic options,” added Dr. Scott Moseman, MD, CEDS, Medical Director of the Laureate Eating Disorders Program. “These findings may pave the way for new forms of treatment, such as float-assisted psychotherapy, which aim to further enhance the body image and anxiety improvements obtained via existing evidence-based interventions.” 

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anorexia clinical research research impact brain anxiety anorexia nervosa
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