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Child labor decline in carpet, garment industries

2022 Jan 25, 13:37,
A child carrying goods seen in New Road on September 14, 2021. Photo: Prasan Gurung/Nepalnews

A study carried out at carpet and garment industries shows that child labor is declining.

The study recently done by Assistant Lecturer of Nepal Commerce Campus and researcher Dilaram Bhandari shows that employment of children below 18 years of age at carpet and garment industries has declined by 6.66 percent and 1.63 percent respectively.

The study was conducted as part of a program of the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security with technical support of Central Bureau of Statistics.

The use of child labor below 18 years, which was 50 percent in carpet industries in 1993, has dropped to 6.66 per cent in 2021, said researcher Bhandari.

The study was carried out at 290 carpet and 183 garment industries of 20 districts, he shared. Bhandari added that child labor is decreasing every year due to social awareness and education.

The study was carried out on the issues—gender, age, region, income, education and social security of 8,483 workers working in production sector of industries, he shared.

Around 4.75 percent Indians were found working in these industries while 0.02 percent was from other countries and the remaining were Nepali workers. The study shows that out of Nepali laborers, a majority were from the Tamang, Magar, Gurung and Sherpa communities.

Saying out of the laborers, the number of laborers from 20-49 years was 80 percent and they worked 52 hours in average in a week, Bhandari mentioned that the working hours are somehow more than what is stipulated by the Labor Act of Nepal.

Nepal’s law has determined an average of 48 hours in a week. The monthly income of males working at carpet industries is Rs 15,923 per month while it is Rs 17,632 at garment industries, Bhandari shared.


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