Monday Apr 15, 2024
Monday Apr 15, 2024

Efforts to protect crocodiles


Nepalnews
2024 Mar 31, 15:17,
Photo courtesy: Bharatpur Metropolitan City Mayor Renu Dahal's Facebook

On the occasion of Bharatpur Visit Year 2024, the Chitwan National Park Wildlife Office has released a rare crocodile in the Rapti River in the presence of foreign tourists. 20 crocodiles have been released in their natural habitat near Kasara, the headquarters of Chitwan National Park.

The Gharial Crocodile (Gavialis gangeticus) belongs to the Crocodylia Order and Crocodylidae Family. The reptile is native to Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Pakistan in the world.

According to the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation in Nepal, it has been recorded from the rivers of Chitwan and Bardia districts as well as the Koshi River. Present global Gharial population is estimated to be around 300-900 (IUCN,2020). According to the Annual Report of DNPWC (2019), the population of Gharial is estimated to be 198 individuals in Nepal. The lifespan of gharial is 40 to 50 years. Its body color is slightly black. Male gharials develop a hollow bulbous nasal protuberance at the tip of the snout upon reaching sexual maturity. This protuberance resembles an earthen pot known locally as "ghara". Male gharial is of 6 m to 8 m and female gharial is 4 m to 5 m long. The weight of the gharial is about 159 kg to 181 kg. The main characteristic of gharial is it eats only fresh fish. The incubation period is about 60 to 80 days. It is listed as a critically endangered species in the IUCN Red List category and Appendix I of CITES. The legal status of this species in Nepal is protected under the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973. It is protected because of its heavy habitat loss, water pollution, and poaching of eggs. It is traded in national and international markets due to its skin.


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Photo courtesy of Bharatpur Metropolitan City Mayor Renu Dahal's Facebook
Photo courtesy of Bharatpur Metropolitan City Mayor Renu Dahal's Facebook
Photo courtesy of Bharatpur Metropolitan City Mayor Renu Dahal's Facebook
Photo courtesy of Bharatpur Metropolitan City Mayor Renu Dahal's Facebook
Photo courtesy of Bharatpur Metropolitan City Mayor Renu Dahal's Facebook
Photo courtesy of Bharatpur Metropolitan City Mayor Renu Dahal's Facebook
Photo courtesy of Bharatpur Metropolitan City Mayor Renu Dahal's Facebook
Photo courtesy of Bharatpur Metropolitan City Mayor Renu Dahal's Facebook
Photo courtesy of Bharatpur Metropolitan City Mayor Renu Dahal's Facebook
Photo courtesy of Bharatpur Metropolitan City Mayor Renu Dahal's Facebook
Photo courtesy of Bharatpur Metropolitan City Mayor Renu Dahal's Facebook
Photo courtesy of Bharatpur Metropolitan City Mayor Renu Dahal's Facebook
Bharatpur Visit Year 2024 the Chitwan National Park Wildlife Office crocodile Rapti river Foreign Tourists Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation IUCN
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